Publications - Publikationer https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&cHash=b9ee6d471ac671e9b20804c309d72c1b en-us PURE Extension typo3support@science.au.dk (Web Department) 30 <![CDATA[Characterization of the Endometrial Transcriptome in Early Diestrus Influencing Pregnancy Establishment in Dairy Cattle after Transfer of In-Vitro Produced Embryos]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=a27a0224-0e77-4d72-82ac-46d84e9b09ab&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=099b0cf30ab88456638e8530feec72b4 Mazzoni, G., Pedersen, H. S., Rabaglino, M. B., Hyttel, P., Callesen, H., Kadarmideen, H. Forskning Wed, 01 Jan 2020 16:05:49 +0100 a27a0224-0e77-4d72-82ac-46d84e9b09ab <![CDATA[Climate-driven deoxygenation of northern lakes]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=69845fd7-3f2e-4582-83cb-23e050a09fd9&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=7ae5fdde2b554d87a049ed6c7835c5bc Jansen, J., Simpson, G. L., Weyhenmeyer, G. A., et al. Oxygen depletion constitutes a major threat to lake ecosystems and the services they provide. Most of the world’s lakes are located >45° N, where accelerated climate warming and elevated carbon loads might severely increase the risk of hypoxia, but this has not been systematically examined. Here analysis of 2.6 million water quality observations from 8,288 lakes shows that between 1960 and 2022, most northern lakes experienced rapid deoxygenation strongly linked to climate-driven prolongation of summer stratification. Oxygen levels deteriorated most in small lakes (<10 ha) owing to their greater volumetric oxygen demand and surface warming rates, while the largest lakes gained oxygen under minimal stratification changes and improved aeration at spring overturns. Seasonal oxygen consumption rates declined, despite widespread browning. Proliferating anoxia enhanced seasonal internal loading of C, P and N but depleted P long-term, indicating that deoxygenation can exhaust redox-sensitive fractions of sediment nutrient reservoirs.

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Forskning Mon, 01 Jul 2024 16:05:49 +0200 69845fd7-3f2e-4582-83cb-23e050a09fd9
<![CDATA[Effect of dietary protein for gestating sows on re-establishment of body reserves and impact on reproductive performance]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=01ed0120-baf7-4041-85c4-c0558f7a1c93&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=a4334923d277d6c1321cc413a785f39c Johannsen, J. C., Sørensen, M. T., Feyera, T., Pelck, J. S., Bruun, T. S. This study aimed to investigate the effect of increasing dietary protein during gestation on sows’ ability to re-establish body reserves and evaluate the impact on reproductive performance of multiparous sows. The experiment was carried out in a commercial Danish herd and 431 sows were included and allotted to one of five dietary treatments. The treatment period extended from the time of service until the sows were moved to the farrowing section, approximately 5 d before expected farrowing. Experimental diets were isoenergetic and contained increasing concentrations of dietary protein (standardized ileal digestible [SID] lysine [Lys]; 3.37 to 6.39 g/kg). Sow body weight (BW) and backfat (BF) were recorded at service, on d 28 and 84 of gestation, and one to three days post-farrowing. Live and stillborn piglets and piglet birth weight were recorded. Sow body protein and fat were estimated; however, body fat estimations were considered inaccurate. Moreover, the feed and Lys to BW gain ratios were calculated. In early gestation, the BW and body protein gain of parity 2 to 3 sows increased linearly with increasing SID Lys (P < 0.001), while in mid-gestation BW gain had a polynomic response to SID Lys (P < 0.001), showing that BW gain was maximized at 5.0 g SID Lys/kg diet. Above the maximal BW gain sows’ body protein gain reached a plateau (P < 0.001) and Lys to BW gain ratio increased (P < 0.001), indicating oxidation of excess protein. In contrast, sow BW and body protein gain of parity 4 to 5 did not change with increasing SID Lys in most gestation stages, indicating that maternal growth was limited by energy intake. Sow BF gain did not change with increasing SID Lys, even though increasing SID Lys presumably increased the energy costs for protein retention or oxidation. Sow reproductive performances were not affected by dietary treatment, showing that fetuses are highly prioritized. In conclusion, sows of parity 2 to 3 re-established more BW and body protein than parity 4 to 5, when fed increasing dietary protein (SID Lys) during gestation. The dietary concentration of SID Lys did not affect sow reproduction in terms of litter size and average piglet birth weight; thus, SID Lys should be kept low during gestation until approximately one week prior to farrowing, and yet allow sows to re-establish sufficient body reserves for mobilization in the following lactation.

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Forskning Thu, 01 Aug 2024 16:05:49 +0200 01ed0120-baf7-4041-85c4-c0558f7a1c93
<![CDATA[Proteins from cultivated mammary epithelial cells derived from bovine milk]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=b5c2f293-0ac4-4a7b-9304-1406c8f76a0a&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=8f13a405d5ebcbedbc68569c8f5f3b5c Che, J., Yue, Y., Nielsen, S. D., Purup, S., Poulsen, N. A., Larsen, L. B. Forskning Sat, 01 Jun 2024 16:05:49 +0200 b5c2f293-0ac4-4a7b-9304-1406c8f76a0a <![CDATA[Måske skulle vi arbejde mere med begrebet transportegnethed]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=e4e5fde1-4203-469c-9201-78427fe20984&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=2e1c00d292a4673c31bb9a52a801c7ae Herskin, M. S., Putzer, A. . Formidling Mon, 26 Feb 2024 16:05:49 +0100 e4e5fde1-4203-469c-9201-78427fe20984 <![CDATA[Correction]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=7db838e7-a355-4227-84df-195edce0473c&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=ffd08df4686d543c461e20b90cd40849 Cronin-Fenton, D. P., Christensen, M., Lash, T. L., Ahern, T. P., Pedersen, L. Forskning Tue, 11 Mar 2014 16:05:49 +0100 7db838e7-a355-4227-84df-195edce0473c <![CDATA[Redegørelse og vurdering af metoder der benyttes til beregning af landbrugets udledninger]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=dd43aa4a-b86d-4203-ba69-a210d5aed9a6&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=d1aae869a085380d520e496f93178604 Olesen, J. E., Langen, P. L., Munkholm, L. J., et al. Rådgivning Mon, 08 Jul 2024 16:05:49 +0200 dd43aa4a-b86d-4203-ba69-a210d5aed9a6 <![CDATA[Iodoform as methane mitigating additive for dairy cows]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=b5d14e26-9be9-4ef1-bd9e-62553a2496f2&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=842e397dda9f06743ecfad8f1c239bc6 Rønn, M. Forskning Mon, 01 Jan 2024 16:05:49 +0100 b5d14e26-9be9-4ef1-bd9e-62553a2496f2 <![CDATA[Serum Amyloid A and Haptoglobin concentrations in calves at first event of respiratory disease were not associated with subsequent risk of respiratory disease during the preweaning period]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=e3613305-18f7-45a1-a9f4-11659fca0584&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=5d8161a3188a676d5dceabb2ce2e2006 Møller, H. H. ., Petersen, M. B., Krogh, M. A., Nielsen, L. R., Capion, N. Forskning Thu, 01 Aug 2024 16:05:49 +0200 e3613305-18f7-45a1-a9f4-11659fca0584 <![CDATA[How much can performance measures explain of the between-cow variation in enteric methane?]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=d562a88e-8460-49a2-8263-c37a9395667e&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=c58cd5d8ca17d388eebd5a4c76fa5031 Giagnoni, G., Friggens, N. C., Johansen, M., et al. Enteric CH4 produced from dairy cows contributes to the emission of greenhouse gases from anthropogenic sources. Recent studies have shown that the selection of lower CH4-emitting cows is possible, but doing so would be simpler if performance measures already recorded on farm could be used, instead of measuring gas emissions from individual cows. These performance measures could be used for selection of low emitting cows. The aim of this analysis was to quantify how much of the between-cow variation in CH4 production can be explained by variation in performance measures. A dataset with 3 experiments and a total of 149 lactating dairy cows with repeated measures was used to estimate the between-cow variation (the variation between cow estimates) for performance and gas measures from GreenFeed (C-Lock, Rapid City, SD). The cow estimates were obtained with a linear mixed model with the diet within period effect as a fixed effect and the cow within experiment as a random effect. The cow estimates for CH4 production were first regressed on the performance and gas measures individually, and then performance and CO2 production measures were grouped in 3 subsets for principal component analysis and principal component regression. The variables that explained most of the between-cow variation in CH4 production were DMI (R2 = 0.44), among the performance measures, and CO2 production (R2 = 0.61), among gas measures. Grouping the measures increased the R2 to 0.53 when only performance measures were used, and to 0.66 when CO2 production was added to the significant performance measures. We found the marginal improvement to be insufficient to justify the use of grouped measures rather than an individual measure because the latter simplifies the model and avoids over-fitting. Investigation of other measures that can be explored to increase explanatory power of between-cow variation in CH4 production is briefly discussed. Finally, the use of residual CH4 as a measure for CH4 efficiency could be considered by using either DMI or CO2 production as the sole predicting variables.

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Forskning Mon, 01 Jul 2024 16:05:49 +0200 d562a88e-8460-49a2-8263-c37a9395667e
<![CDATA[A retrospective cohort study investigating the association of individual quarter dry-off with udder health, milk production, and culling risk]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=59800fc3-522d-48cd-b41c-bcf0c9c4035a&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=fa75a9cb96d912b71a25cc77237fb683 Wieland, M., Skarbye, A. P. Individual quarter dry-off (QDO) has been increasingly employed as a strategy for managing cows with chronically elevated SCC and recurrent clinical mastitis. However, little knowledge is available on the effects of QDO on milk production, SCC, the risk of clinical mastitis, and the risk of removal from the herd. Therefore, this retrospective cohort study aimed to investigate these associations. Data from 471 dairy cows subjected to QDO were analyzed. The cows were housed on a 4,000-cow dairy farm with a thrice-daily milking schedule. The cows were grouped based on the reason for QDO: (1) cows detected with a nonlactating quarter at a fresh cow check (QFRESH); (2) cows with recurrent clinical mastitis (QMAST); (3) cows diagnosed with Staphylococcus aureus IMI (QSA); and (4) cows with chronic subclinical mastitis (QSCC). Additionally, we randomly selected herd mates at a ratio of 1:1 to serve as a control group (CON). Cows in the CON group were matched in terms of parity and stage of lactation. Generalized linear mixed models with an identical link were used to estimate milk yield and SCC at 1 test day before QDO (T-1) as well as 1, 2, and 3 (T1, T2, and T3) test days after QDO. All cows subjected to QDO exhibited a decrease in milk yield following QDO compared with their respective control groups. All QDO cows approached the yield of their control group by T3. In particular, the difference in milk yield between QMAST cows and their controls at T3 was less than the difference at T1. Cows in the QMAST and QSCC groups exhibited a decrease in their SCC following QDO. In particular, the SCC was significantly higher among QMAST cows than among their controls at T1, but this difference was no longer significant by T3. Proportional hazards regression models revealed that QDO was associated with clinical mastitis occurrence and removal from the herd. Compared with CON cows, the hazard ratio (95% CI) for clinical mastitis occurrence was 3.70 (1.65–8.28), 1.80 (1.31–2.47), and 2.27 (0.93–5.54) among QFRESH, QMAST, and QSA cows, respectively. The hazard ratio among QSCC cows was modified by the effect of parity. The hazard ratio (95% CI) for removal from the herd was higher among cows subjected to QDO than among CON cows (hazard ratio [95% CI] values of 2.30 [0.99–5.33], 3.27 [2.20–4.86], and 4.87 [1.81–13.12] for QFRESH, QMAST, and QSCC cows, respectively). We conclude that QDO can be a viable strategy for managing cows with recurrent clinical mastitis. However, the results for the cows that underwent QDO for other reasons are less clear, partially due to low statistical power. Therefore, future research should examine how to decrease the risks of clinical mastitis and removal from the herd among cows subjected to QDO.

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Forskning Mon, 01 Jul 2024 16:05:49 +0200 59800fc3-522d-48cd-b41c-bcf0c9c4035a
<![CDATA[Sows and piglets adjust their use of an outdoor paddock with season and piglet age during the first weeks of life in an organic farm]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=bdb8ef72-cfe8-42ca-beef-7b1953aaca1c&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=9572b30725a4c5dcbb4f908795360703 Jahoui, A., Malmkvist, J., Pedersen, L. J., Lieubeau, B., Hervé, J., Tallet, C. Few studies have examined sows and piglets' use of outdoor access during their first weeks of life, when reared with access to a hut and a pasture as in the organic system. We studied whether the age of the piglets and the season of the year influenced the use of an outdoor area by piglets and the sow, and the use of indoor spaces. For this, the localisation of sows and their piglets inside and outside the hut was analysed on 16 sows and their litters during the summer and 16 others during the winter, by scan sampling, on days 2, 7 and 13 after parturition in an organic herd in Denmark. When inside the hut, the number of piglets in the creep area, next to the sow or other piglets was noted. All parameters were analysed by linear mixed-effects ANOVA models. Sows were less often observed outside the hut in the wintertime and during the mornings compared to later times of the day (P<0.001). Furthermore, the sows increased their outdoor use with the age of their litter (P<0.001). The season also influenced the piglet use of outdoor areas (winter < summer; P<0.001). Piglets that were observed outside for the first time were older (8.9±0.9 d) during winter than during summer (3.5±0.5 d). The proportion of piglets observed outside increased with age, with a significant Season x Age interaction (P<0.001). The proportion of observations where the sows and piglets were outdoors together increased with the piglets’ age (P < 0.001). Sows’ outing was correlated with summer (R=0.3) and winter (R=0.2) temperatures, unlike piglets, where outings were correlated only with summer temperatures (R=0.3, P<0.001). The proportion of piglets observed in the creep area was significantly affected by the age with a Season x Age interaction effect (P<0.001). Piglets were rarely observed lying alone inside the hut. The proportion of piglets in contact with the sow and other piglets inside the pen was influenced by a significant Age x Season interaction effect (P<0.001). We showed that piglets given access to an outside paddock gradually increase their use with age and don't go outside right away. Their first exit and the proportion of piglets outside depended also on the season. In general, a higher proportion of sows and piglets were observed indoor during the wintertime. Thus, sows and piglets adjust their use of outdoor paddock with season and piglet age during the first weeks of life.

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Forskning Mon, 01 Jul 2024 16:05:49 +0200 bdb8ef72-cfe8-42ca-beef-7b1953aaca1c
<![CDATA[Lactogenic treatment effects on milk synthesis genes and protein secretion in cultured bovine mammary epithelial cells]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=b48e7155-a78e-4cbc-a81b-9aaeecceefa5&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=fa26bbecd4d3ab2de0589c751664f4fb Sattari, Z., Nielsen, S. D. H., Che, J., et al. In a cellular agriculture context, the possibility of producing milk components using tissue derived bovine mammary epithelial cells (MEC) is an upcoming strategy being considered. As an essential step, development of an in-vitro model for optimizing lactogenic activity of cultured MEC is needed. MECs were isolated from bovine mammary tissue and cultured in a trans-well system. Treatment with differentiation media (DM) was performed for 7-days. Conditioned media containing the cell secretions (the “secretomes”) were collected, and the trans-epithelial-resistance (TEER), measured. On day 7 the cells were lysed, and expression of lactation associated genes were examined using qPCR. Proteomic analysis of the secretomes was performed using timsToF Pro LC-MS/MS. DM treated cells had significantly higher TEER for several days but a general decreasing trend started on day 4. Expressions of CSN1S1, CSN2, CSN3, ELF5 and PRLR were significantly increased after DM treatment. DM significantly altered the secretome's protein compositions. Numerous proteins involved in lactogenic activity of the MEC were identified. However, the DM did not significantly impact their peak intensities. These findings shed light on areas requiring additional refinement of the in-vitro model to enhance the production of milk components. These aspects primarily comprise the DM composition and experimental length.

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Forskning Sun, 01 Dec 2024 16:05:49 +0100 b48e7155-a78e-4cbc-a81b-9aaeecceefa5
<![CDATA[Lactogenic treatment effects on milk synthesis genes and protein secretion in cultured bovine mammary epithelial cells]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=fbe344c5-a52b-4926-8ed1-f1062bd23280&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=8ef22ae5d4a1bd819180f3bc0041a834 Sattari, Z., Nielsen, S. D. H., Che, J., et al. In a cellular agriculture context, the possibility of producing milk components using tissue derived bovine mammary epithelial cells (MEC) is an upcoming strategy being considered. As an essential step, development of an in-vitro model for optimizing lactogenic activity of cultured MEC is needed. MECs were isolated from bovine mammary tissue and cultured in a trans-well system. Treatment with differentiation media (DM) was performed for 7-days. Conditioned media containing the cell secretions (the “secretomes”) were collected, and the trans-epithelial-resistance (TEER), measured. On day 7 the cells were lysed, and expression of lactation associated genes were examined using qPCR. Proteomic analysis of the secretomes was performed using timsToF Pro LC-MS/MS. DM treated cells had significantly higher TEER for several days but a general decreasing trend started on day 4. Expressions of CSN1S1, CSN2, CSN3, ELF5 and PRLR were significantly increased after DM treatment. DM significantly altered the secretome's protein compositions. Numerous proteins involved in lactogenic activity of the MEC were identified. However, the DM did not significantly impact their peak intensities. These findings shed light on areas requiring additional refinement of the in-vitro model to enhance the production of milk components. These aspects primarily comprise the DM composition and experimental length.

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Forskning Sun, 01 Dec 2024 16:05:49 +0100 fbe344c5-a52b-4926-8ed1-f1062bd23280
<![CDATA[Klima- og miljøeffekter ved øget dyrkning af bælgsæd/proteinafgrøder]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=e51fa72c-9458-4d98-ab4b-60cc646cff8e&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=75fb95e568aa0b14cf128d57993bb543 Thers, H., Dalsgaard, T. K., Jensen, S. K., et al. Rådgivning Wed, 26 Jun 2024 16:05:49 +0200 e51fa72c-9458-4d98-ab4b-60cc646cff8e <![CDATA[Mass spectrometric analysis of the secreted protein profile of BM-MSC after IL-1beta stimulation]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=10a70c7e-79e8-4f1e-90d0-fcdf6d574768&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=56c7c342d8cedd3828031741d3fdd9f7 Bundgaard, L. Forskning Fri, 01 Jan 2016 16:05:49 +0100 10a70c7e-79e8-4f1e-90d0-fcdf6d574768 <![CDATA[Mass spectrometric analysis of the in vitro secretome from bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells undergoing chondrogenic differentiation after IL-1beta stimulation]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=b608e5cb-7284-4fd7-a014-0fdc95b69940&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=39f9bbda9acb274623a16584d4d4c29c Bundgaard, L. Forskning Sun, 01 Jan 2017 16:05:49 +0100 b608e5cb-7284-4fd7-a014-0fdc95b69940 <![CDATA[Mapping of the in vitro secreted protein profile of equine mesenchymal stem cells after inflammatory stimulation using quantitative mass spectrometry analysis]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=91824e91-1060-45c2-a121-1c8db0bb87fd&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=ae6259b7cc3fe7b92f3e4da2313a8728 Bundgaard, L. Forskning Sun, 01 Jan 2017 16:05:49 +0100 91824e91-1060-45c2-a121-1c8db0bb87fd <![CDATA[A system-wide study of the proteome and protease cleavage and protease cleavage products in chronic skin ulcers]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=ea2a6bbe-59ad-4429-bb42-4a2ff0a5c1c9&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=b56f210c56b99fed5ac592980d4c9c53 Bundgaard, L. Forskning Mon, 01 Jan 2018 16:05:49 +0100 ea2a6bbe-59ad-4429-bb42-4a2ff0a5c1c9 <![CDATA[How does chondrogenic differentiation and stimulation with intereukin-1ß affect the secretome from bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=ae507ee2-fa6b-4f63-915f-92caee6d05a8&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=76017cb9e5f05af76c6eeb89c7c62cc4 Bundgaard, L. Forskning Mon, 01 Jan 2018 16:05:49 +0100 ae507ee2-fa6b-4f63-915f-92caee6d05a8 <![CDATA[A SYSTEM-WIDE STUDY OF THE PROTEOME AND PROTEASE CLEAVAGE PRODUCTS IN CHRONIC SKIN ULCERS]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=5c1094f6-3a4b-4f43-ab41-256fff0c8282&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=984e509c01bae78bd9c700acb6c5c6f2 Bundgaard, L. B., Agren, M. S., Holstein, P., Savickas, S., Sabino, F. M. R., auf dem Keller, U. Forskning Mon, 01 Jan 2018 16:05:49 +0100 5c1094f6-3a4b-4f43-ab41-256fff0c8282 <![CDATA[Mapping the N-Terminome in Tissue Biopsies by PCT-TAILS]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=15a86078-1347-4f2f-9237-50eebc65ada9&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=13436c43684d116769f683a2573e6fa7 Bundgaard, L., Savickas, S., auf dem Keller, U. Forskning Tue, 01 Jan 2019 16:05:49 +0100 15a86078-1347-4f2f-9237-50eebc65ada9 <![CDATA[Tendon response to matrix unloading is determined by the patho-physiological niche]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=214f5377-35e6-42b8-bbd8-4a90565b676d&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=98cde3f56e5a1c0f0c27c9495b2ba525 Wunderli, S.L., Blache, U., Beretta Piccoli, A., et al. Forskning Wed, 01 Jan 2020 16:05:49 +0100 214f5377-35e6-42b8-bbd8-4a90565b676d <![CDATA[CHRONIC SKIN ULCERS - A STUDY OF THE GLOBAL TISSUE PROTEOME AND PROTEASE CLEAVAGE PRODUCTS]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=997dd7d4-01b2-40db-b14b-5865a4a78e48&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=9783a58ef16b9ebc616304635e7b1582 Bundgaard, L., Aagren, M. S., Holstein, P., Sabino, F., auf dem Keller, U. Forskning Wed, 01 Jan 2020 16:05:49 +0100 997dd7d4-01b2-40db-b14b-5865a4a78e48 <![CDATA[Global age-sex-specific mortality, life expectancy, and population estimates in 204 countries and territories and 811 subnational locations, 1950–2021, and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=14c9909d-bdba-4219-8c86-62c79d1dd447&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=11314635b9505384b1947b1b8ce1df1c Schumacher, A. E., Kyu, H. H., Aali, A., et al. Background: Estimates of demographic metrics are crucial to assess levels and trends of population health outcomes. The profound impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on populations worldwide has underscored the need for timely estimates to understand this unprecedented event within the context of long-term population health trends. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) 2021 provides new demographic estimates for 204 countries and territories and 811 additional subnational locations from 1950 to 2021, with a particular emphasis on changes in mortality and life expectancy that occurred during the 2020–21 COVID-19 pandemic period. Methods: 22 223 data sources from vital registration, sample registration, surveys, censuses, and other sources were used to estimate mortality, with a subset of these sources used exclusively to estimate excess mortality due to the COVID-19 pandemic. 2026 data sources were used for population estimation. Additional sources were used to estimate migration; the effects of the HIV epidemic; and demographic discontinuities due to conflicts, famines, natural disasters, and pandemics, which are used as inputs for estimating mortality and population. Spatiotemporal Gaussian process regression (ST-GPR) was used to generate under-5 mortality rates, which synthesised 30 763 location-years of vital registration and sample registration data, 1365 surveys and censuses, and 80 other sources. ST-GPR was also used to estimate adult mortality (between ages 15 and 59 years) based on information from 31 642 location-years of vital registration and sample registration data, 355 surveys and censuses, and 24 other sources. Estimates of child and adult mortality rates were then used to generate life tables with a relational model life table system. For countries with large HIV epidemics, life tables were adjusted using independent estimates of HIV-specific mortality generated via an epidemiological analysis of HIV prevalence surveys, antenatal clinic serosurveillance, and other data sources. Excess mortality due to the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 and 2021 was determined by subtracting observed all-cause mortality (adjusted for late registration and mortality anomalies) from the mortality expected in the absence of the pandemic. Expected mortality was calculated based on historical trends using an ensemble of models. In location-years where all-cause mortality data were unavailable, we estimated excess mortality rates using a regression model with covariates pertaining to the pandemic. Population size was computed using a Bayesian hierarchical cohort component model. Life expectancy was calculated using age-specific mortality rates and standard demographic methods. Uncertainty intervals (UIs) were calculated for every metric using the 25th and 975th ordered values from a 1000-draw posterior distribution. Findings: Global all-cause mortality followed two distinct patterns over the study period: age-standardised mortality rates declined between 1950 and 2019 (a 62·8% [95% UI 60·5–65·1] decline), and increased during the COVID-19 pandemic period (2020–21; 5·1% [0·9–9·6] increase). In contrast with the overall reverse in mortality trends during the pandemic period, child mortality continued to decline, with 4·66 million (3·98–5·50) global deaths in children younger than 5 years in 2021 compared with 5·21 million (4·50–6·01) in 2019. An estimated 131 million (126–137) people died globally from all causes in 2020 and 2021 combined, of which 15·9 million (14·7–17·2) were due to the COVID-19 pandemic (measured by excess mortality, which includes deaths directly due to SARS-CoV-2 infection and those indirectly due to other social, economic, or behavioural changes associated with the pandemic). Excess mortality rates exceeded 150 deaths per 100 000 population during at least one year of the pandemic in 80 countries and territories, whereas 20 nations had a negative excess mortality rate in 2020 or 2021, indicating that all-cause mortality in these countries was lower during the pandemic than expected based on historical trends. Between 1950 and 2021, global life expectancy at birth increased by 22·7 years (20·8–24·8), from 49·0 years (46·7–51·3) to 71·7 years (70·9–72·5). Global life expectancy at birth declined by 1·6 years (1·0–2·2) between 2019 and 2021, reversing historical trends. An increase in life expectancy was only observed in 32 (15·7%) of 204 countries and territories between 2019 and 2021. The global population reached 7·89 billion (7·67–8·13) people in 2021, by which time 56 of 204 countries and territories had peaked and subsequently populations have declined. The largest proportion of population growth between 2020 and 2021 was in sub-Saharan Africa (39·5% [28·4–52·7]) and south Asia (26·3% [9·0–44·7]). From 2000 to 2021, the ratio of the population aged 65 years and older to the population aged younger than 15 years increased in 188 (92·2%) of 204 nations. Interpretation: Global adult mortality rates markedly increased during the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 and 2021, reversing past decreasing trends, while child mortality rates continued to decline, albeit more slowly than in earlier years. Although COVID-19 had a substantial impact on many demographic indicators during the first 2 years of the pandemic, overall global health progress over the 72 years evaluated has been profound, with considerable improvements in mortality and life expectancy. Additionally, we observed a deceleration of global population growth since 2017, despite steady or increasing growth in lower-income countries, combined with a continued global shift of population age structures towards older ages. These demographic changes will likely present future challenges to health systems, economies, and societies. The comprehensive demographic estimates reported here will enable researchers, policy makers, health practitioners, and other key stakeholders to better understand and address the profound changes that have occurred in the global health landscape following the first 2 years of the COVID-19 pandemic, and longer-term trends beyond the pandemic. Funding: Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

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Forskning Wed, 01 May 2024 16:05:49 +0200 14c9909d-bdba-4219-8c86-62c79d1dd447
<![CDATA[Amino acid requirements for BSFL]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=613aa863-119d-46d7-b79d-f4c9d91ee12e&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=17334f39000263842d01b465092fcf7c Schøn, M. L., Berggreen, I. E., Jensen, K., Nørgaard, J. V. Forskning Wed, 06 Dec 2023 16:05:49 +0100 613aa863-119d-46d7-b79d-f4c9d91ee12e <![CDATA[Risikovurdering for id-nummer 24-H3-01-02 (Stoffet)]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=fddff61c-6d16-4fd1-a135-d04d0fb31bdb&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=42e386955138f01672ea15c3d1c79440 Jensen, M. B., Krogh, M. A. Rådgivning Fri, 21 Jun 2024 16:05:49 +0200 fddff61c-6d16-4fd1-a135-d04d0fb31bdb <![CDATA[Dairy cows’ motivation to nurse their calves]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=fda15028-06f9-4a00-9098-89f9c5d094b6&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=d8aff9a0ce371caf06fba592a173d664 Jensen, E. H., Bateson, M., Neave, H. W., Rault, J. L., Jensen, M. B. When weaning offspring, female mammals limit nursing opportunities. This study aimed to investigate whether imposing a gradual reduction in daily contact time, by separating cows from their calves as an attempt to stimulate weaning, reduced dairy cows’ motivation to nurse their calves. For seven weeks, 84 Holstein–Friesian cow-calf pairs were housed with either full-time (23 h contact/d), part-time (10 h contact/d), or no contact. In the following two weeks, half of full- and part-time pairs were subjected to reduced contact (50% of initial contact in week 8, 25% of initial contact in week 9), while the other half continued with unchanged contact. In weeks 8 and 9, cows’ motivation to obtain full contact to and opportunity to nurse their calves was measured using weighted push gates using a novel maximum price paid method providing an alternative choice to the cows to reduce frustration. Cows with reduced calf contact were more motivated than cows with unchanged contact; however, cows used the alternative choice less than expected. The results show that cows’ motivation for full calf contact and opportunity to nurse increases when daily calf contact is reduced, illustrating that dairy cows are motivated to continue nursing their 9- to 10-week-old calves.

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Forskning Sun, 01 Dec 2024 16:05:49 +0100 fda15028-06f9-4a00-9098-89f9c5d094b6
<![CDATA[Biomarkers for ideal protein]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=7abfecba-961d-4d67-b378-24e26bcda920&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=81cd6c7224871d170b2c17dfb845adb0 Marín-García, P. J., Llobat, L., Cambra-López, M., et al. With the main aim of identifying biomarkers that contribute to defining the concept of ideal protein in growing rabbits under the most diverse conditions possible this work describes two different experiments. Experiment 1: 24 growing rabbits are included at 56 days of age. The rabbits are fed ad libitum one of the two experimental diets only differing in lysine levels. Experiment 2: 53 growing rabbits are included at 46 days of age, under a fasting and eating one of the five experimental diets, with identical chemical composition except for the three typically limiting amino acids (being fed commercial diets ad libitum in both experiments). Blood samples are taken for targeted and untargeted metabolomics analysis. Here we show that the metabolic phenotype undergoes alterations when animals experience a rapid dietary shift in the amino acid levels. While some of the differential metabolites can be attributed directly to changes in specific amino acids, creatinine, urea, hydroxypropionic acid and hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid are suggested as a biomarker of amino acid imbalances in growing rabbits’ diets, since its changes are not attributable to a single amino acid. The fluctuations in their levels suggest intricate amino acid interactions. Consequently, we propose these metabolites as promising biomarkers for further research into the concept of the ideal protein using rabbit as a model.

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Forskning Sun, 01 Dec 2024 16:05:49 +0100 7abfecba-961d-4d67-b378-24e26bcda920
<![CDATA[Delineating Mastitis Cases in Dairy Cows]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=68350ed1-e61b-4a82-be7c-7b153dad1561&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=ab1cdb6d9daffcd2af8379d3c1eacd35 Khan, M. F., Thorup, V. M., Luo, Z. Mastitis, an intramammary bacterial infection, is not only known to adversely affect the health of a dairy cow but also to cause significant economic loss to the dairy industry. The severity and spread of mastitis can be restrained by identifying the early signs of infection in the cows through an intelligent decision support system. Early intervention and control of infection largely depend on the availability of on-site high throughput machinery, which can analyze milk samples regularly. However, due to limited resources, marginal and small farms usually cannot afford such high-end machinery, hence, the financial loss in such farms due to mastitis may become significant. To overcome such limitations, this article proposes a low-complexity yet affordable automated system for accurate prediction of early signs of clinical mastitis infection in dairy cows. In this work, behavioral data collected through Internet of Things (IoT)-enabled wearable sensors for cows is utilized to develop a support vector machine (SVM) model for the daily prediction of mastitis cases in a dairy farm. The dataset from the research herd utilizes the information of 415 cows collected in the span of 4.75 years in which 75 cows had mastitis. In addition to relevant behavioral features, other statistically significant features, such as daily milk yield, lactation period, and age are also utilized as features. Our study indicates that the SVM model comprising a subset of behavioral and nonbehavioral features can deliver a mastitis prediction accuracy of 89.2&#x0025;.

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Forskning Mon, 01 Jul 2024 16:05:49 +0200 68350ed1-e61b-4a82-be7c-7b153dad1561
<![CDATA[Forekomst af brom og bromforbindelser i tang til kvægfoder og den relaterede risiko for dyresundheden samt risiko for overførsel til fødevarer af animalsk oprindelse]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=575313ae-213d-4fe1-b3f2-f9e12046e16e&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=3c46d92a3a0f1c70d83a977ee9fc6f68 Nørskov, N. Rådgivning Mon, 17 Jun 2024 16:05:49 +0200 575313ae-213d-4fe1-b3f2-f9e12046e16e <![CDATA[Delineation of chicken immune markers in the era of omics and multicolor flow cytometry]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=522cfa91-dcb6-44bc-b755-ba06212c9684&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=38108c5309bd657e05d840a10b31f4b0 Härtle, S., Sutton, K., Vervelde, L., Dalgaard, T. S. Multiparameter flow cytometry is a routine method in immunological studies incorporated in biomedical, veterinary, agricultural, and wildlife research and routinely used in veterinary clinical laboratories. Its use in the diagnostics of poultry diseases is still limited, but due to the continuous expansion of reagents and cost reductions, this may change in the near future. Although the structure and function of the avian immune system show commonalities with mammals, at the molecular level, there is often low homology across species. The cross-reactivity of mammalian immunological reagents is therefore low, but nevertheless, the list of reagents to study chicken immune cells is increasing. Recent improvement in multicolor antibody panels for chicken cells has resulted in more detailed analysis by flow cytometry and has allowed the discovery of novel leukocyte cell subpopulations. In this article, we present an overview of the reagents and guidance needed to perform multicolor flow cytometry using chicken samples and common pitfalls to avoid.

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Forskning Wed, 01 May 2024 16:05:49 +0200 522cfa91-dcb6-44bc-b755-ba06212c9684
<![CDATA[Estimering af videns- og finansieringsbehov for opnåelse af klimamål i 2030]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=10147e05-2ea2-4f86-850f-6b268c671770&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=f376e0955c7a8c7f19e72276aac6d27d Olesen, J. E., Lund, P., Feilberg, A., et al. Rådgivning Mon, 27 May 2024 16:05:49 +0200 10147e05-2ea2-4f86-850f-6b268c671770 <![CDATA[Animal-based methods for the assessment of broiler chicken welfare in organic and conventional production systems]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=6d3dadf3-0fad-4ed3-92c5-3d60b2de6902&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=933c2a248d995185c6ba2d920feeee01 Rasmussen, S. N., Wurtz, K. E., Erasmus, M., Riber, A. B. Animal welfare is one of the pillars in organic broiler production, evident in practices such as utilizing slower-growing hybrids and maintaining lower stocking densities for the birds. However, despite these efforts, skepticism and uncertainty remain regarding the extent to which animal welfare objectives are achieved in organic farming. The primary aim of this study was to compare animal-based measures assessing positive and negative welfare between organic and conventional broiler chickens in Denmark. The selected positive welfare indicators included Qualitative Behavior Assessment (QBA) and observations of play behavior in an open-space test. An additional aim of this study was to examine the reliability of the method by having all QBA observations done by two observers. Negative welfare indicators included walking ability assessed using the 6-point Bristol gait score method and fearfulness assessed using a novel object test. Welfare assessments were conducted on-farm before slaughter at 31–33 days of age for conventional birds and at 49–55 days of age for organic birds. The results from the QBA indicated differences between organic and conventional production systems (P = 0.001). Specifically, organic broilers exhibited higher levels of active, energetic, positively occupied, happy, and agitated behaviors. Notably, the outcome of the QBA was influenced by the observer (P = 0.001); on average, one observer tended to assign higher scores specifically for depressed and distressed behaviors, while the other observer allocated higher scores to the remaining behavioral terms. Moreover, organic broilers tended to show better walking abilities than conventional broilers (P = 0.064). Fear responses were similar across both production systems. Finally, organic broilers demonstrated a lower frequency of play behavior in open spaces compared to conventional broilers (P = 0.001). Conventional birds may have expressed more play behavior due to the greater contrast between the sudden availability of open space and their typical stocking density, resulting in increased compensatory play. This presents a challenge since a higher frequency of play is often considered an indicator of positive welfare, but we speculate whether in this study, it might suggest a restriction of spontaneous play due to space limitations caused by the high stocking density in the conventional production system. As a result, when additional space becomes available, it could lead to a rebound effect. Future research should explore how stocking density influences play behavior in broiler chickens, including measures of both spontaneous play and stimulated play during controlled test situations.

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Forskning Mon, 01 Jul 2024 16:05:49 +0200 6d3dadf3-0fad-4ed3-92c5-3d60b2de6902
<![CDATA[Implementation of the Use of the Enteric Methane Mitigating Feed Additive Bovaer® in the National Danish Emission Inventories for Dairy Cows]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=b2d128e8-33f1-469e-8465-e2efc213eed0&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=3fb9b67d401913c83818c43a667aa549 Lund, P., Maigaard, M., Kjeldsen, M. H., et al. Rådgivning Mon, 10 Jun 2024 16:05:49 +0200 b2d128e8-33f1-469e-8465-e2efc213eed0 <![CDATA[Vurdering af afkølingsmuligheder ved vand fremfor skygge for udegående kreaturer]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=f50c63eb-1767-452a-854d-1423ff8e18dc&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=dafb1a6ade8af4ccbf1c5a1b773f1246 Malmkvist, J., Jensen, M. B. Rådgivning Fri, 31 May 2024 16:05:49 +0200 f50c63eb-1767-452a-854d-1423ff8e18dc <![CDATA[Feed intake in housed dairy cows]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=a4684126-c7aa-4791-ae59-6b8db94ba4da&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=7a27e5ca0330f446dedea34fb2c5ffb7 Giagnoni, G., Lassen, J., Lund, P., Foldager, L., Johansen, M., Weisbjerg, M. R. Measuring feed intake accurately is crucial to determine feed efficiency and for genetic selection. A system using three-dimensional (3D) cameras and deep learning algorithms can measure the volume of feed intake in dairy cows, but for now, the system has not been validated for feed intake expressed as weight of feed. The aim of this study was to validate the weight of feed intake predicted from the 3D cameras with the actual measured weight. It was hypothesised that diet−specific coefficients are necessary for predicting changes in weight, that the relationship between weight and volume is curvilinear throughout the day, and that manually pushing the feed affects this relationship. Twenty-four lactating Danish Holstein cows were used in a cross-over design with four dietary treatments, 2 × 2 factorial arranged with either grass-clover silage or maize silage as silage factor, and barley or dried beet pulp as concentrate factor. Cows were adapted to the diets for 11 d, and for 3 d to tie-stall housing before camera measurements. Six cameras were used for recording, each mounted over an individual feeding platform equipped with a weight scale. When building the predictive models, four cameras were used for training, and the remaining two for testing the prediction of the models. The most accurate predictions were found for the average feed intake over a period when using the starting density of the feed pile, which resulted in the lowest errors, 6% when expressed as RMSE and 5% expressed as mean absolute error. A model including curvilinear effects of feed volume and the impact of manual feed pushing was used on a dataset including daily time points. When cross-validating, the inclusion of a curvilinear effect and a feed push effect did not improve the accuracy of the model for neither the feed pile nor the feed removed by the cow between consecutive time points. In conclusion, measuring daily feed intake from this 3D camera system in the present experimental setup could be accomplished with an acceptable error (below 8%), but the system should be improved for individual meal intake measurements if these measures were to be implemented.

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Forskning Sat, 01 Jun 2024 16:05:49 +0200 a4684126-c7aa-4791-ae59-6b8db94ba4da
<![CDATA[FdeC expression regulates motility and adhesion of the avian pathogenic Escherichia coli strain IMT5155]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=54d6cb73-d151-4e4c-98c0-f2fed1f09d83&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=1af0cee9a2ffa6c8b99cdb96bc81dc45 Aleksandrowicz, A., Kjærup, R. B., Grzymajło, K., et al. Adaptation of avian pathogenic E. coli (APEC) to changing host environments including virulence factors expression is vital for disease progression. FdeC is an autotransporter adhesin that plays a role in uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) adhesion to epithelial cells. Expression of fdeC is known to be regulated by environmental conditions in UPEC and Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC). The observation in a previous study that an APEC strain IMT5155 in which the fdeC gene was disrupted by a transposon insertion resulted in elevated adhesion to chicken intestinal cells prompted us to further explore the role of fdeC in infection. We found that the fdeC gene prevalence and FdeC variant prevalence differed between APEC and nonpathogenic E. coli genomes. Expression of the fdeC gene was induced at host body temperature, an infection relevant condition. Disruption of fdeC resulted in greater adhesion to CHIC-8E11 cells and increased motility at 42 °C compared to wild type (WT) and higher expression of multiple transporter proteins that increased inorganic ion export. Increased motility may be related to increased inorganic ion export since this resulted in downregulation of YbjN, a protein known to supress motility. Inactivation of fdeC in APEC strain IMT5155 resulted in a weaker immune response in chickens compared to WT in experimental infections. Our findings suggest that FdeC is upregulated in the host and contributes to interactions with the host by down-modulating motility during colonization. A thorough understanding of the regulation and function of FdeC could provide novel insights into E. coli pathogenesis.

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Forskning Wed, 01 May 2024 16:05:49 +0200 54d6cb73-d151-4e4c-98c0-f2fed1f09d83
<![CDATA[Effect of grinding or rolling fava beans on feed intake and milk production in Holstein cows]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=dad4c3f9-1cf7-429f-b8c6-7aeb369b642e&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=44d7e196b01834b2be73292ced651b74 Rozada, T. d. E., Johansen, M., Weisbjerg, M. R., Larsen, M. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the performance of primi- and multiparous dairy cows fed diets with ground or rolled fava beans (FB). A total of 96 Danish Holstein cows (48 primi- and 48 multiparous) were used in a randomized block design lasting 4 weeks. Within parity group, cows were blocked according to their milk yield in 6 blocks with 8 cows each and two cows from each block were distributed in pens where they were assigned randomly one of the two experimental diets. The diets were based on a total mix ration (TMR) composed of 52.6 % forage and 47.4 % concentrate (DM basis), differing only in the particle size of FB (geometric mean diameters of 1.02 and 3.52 mm for ground and rolled FB, respectively). Feed intake, milk production, and milk composition were determined during the last 8 days of the experimental period; none of these differed between treatments except for a higher (P = 0.01) milk N efficiency (% of N intake) and milk urea content with ground FB compared with rolled FB. Additionally, feces and ruminal fluid were collected from a group of 24 multiparous cows to determine fecal starch content and ruminal volatile fatty acids (VFAs). The fecal starch concentration was greater with rolled FB showing a reduced starch digestion, whereas ruminal VFA proportions generally did not differ between treatments. In conclusion, the lactation performance of dairy cows appeared not to be affected by grinding or rolling of FB with a 20 % FB inclusion in the DM diet, even though total tract starch digestion was reduced with greater FB particle size.

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Forskning Mon, 01 Jul 2024 16:05:49 +0200 dad4c3f9-1cf7-429f-b8c6-7aeb369b642e
<![CDATA[Effect of different feeding strategies and dietary fiber levels on energy and protein retention in gestating sows]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=a183245f-0251-453d-84c0-a041963e8e3f&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=9fc749a789a5012c390cabcbcc144462 Wisbech, S. J., Nielsen, T. S., Bach Knudsen, K. E., Theil, P. K., Bruun, T. S. The aim of the study was to investigate whether increased inclusion of sugar beet pulp (SBP) alters retention of fat, protein, and energy when backfat (BF) is restored in early- and mid-gestation. In total, 46 sows were fed one of four dietary treatments with increasing inclusion of SBP providing dietary fiber (DF) levels of 119, 152, 185, and 217 g/kg; sows were assigned to one of three feeding strategies (FS; high, medium, and low) depending on BF thickness at mating and again at day 30 for the following month. On days 0, 30, 60, and 108, body weight (BW) and BF thickness were measured and body pools of protein and fat were estimated using the deuterium oxide technique. On days 30 and 60, urine, feces, and blood samples were collected to quantify metabolites, energy, and nitrogen (N) balances. On days 15 and 45, heart rate was recorded to estimate heat energy. At farrowing, total born and weight of the litter were recorded. In early gestation, BW gain (P < 0.01) and body protein retention increased (P < 0.05) with increasing fiber inclusion, while body fat retention increased numerically by 59%. The increase in BF was greatest for sows fed the high FS, intermediate when fed the medium strategy, and negligible for sows fed the lowest FS (P < 0.001). Nitrogen intake, N loss in feces, and N balance increased linearly, whereas N loss in urine tended to decrease with increasing inclusion of fibers in early gestation. Concomitantly, fecal energy output and energy lost as methane increased linearly (P < 0.001), while energy output in urine declined linearly. Total metabolizable energy (ME) intake therefore increased from 36.5 MJ ME/d in the low fiber group to 38.5 MJ ME/d in the high fiber group (P < 0.01). Changing the ME towards more ketogenic energy was expected to favor fat retention rather than protein retention. However, due to increased intake of ME and increased N efficiency with increasing fiber inclusion, the sows gained more weight and protein with increas¬ing fiber inclusion. In conclusion, increased feed intake improved both fat and protein retention, whereas increased DF intake increased protein retention.

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Forskning Mon, 01 Apr 2024 16:05:49 +0200 a183245f-0251-453d-84c0-a041963e8e3f
<![CDATA[<i>Ulva </i>species: A critical review on the green seaweed as a source of food protein]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=91c7b008-2020-4f4b-878b-857ca16ac4b3&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=6a3a37fe7301dd36e43820636485f09c Juul, L., Nissen, S. H., Bruhn, A., et al. Background: Green macroalgae of the Ulva genus have gained interest as a source of protein, due to the high production potential and high proportion of essential amino acids. This review gives an overview of Ulva protein, including extraction and evaluation of protein quality in terms of nutritional value, functionality, and sensory properties with preliminary suggestions to reach the market. Scope and approach: Available literature on protein extraction from Ulva was reviewed along with studies investigating the nutritional quality of Ulva protein and functional properties including aroma and flavor characteristics. Opportunities, challenges, and knowledge gaps are presented. Key findings and conclusion: A range of studies are investigating protein extraction, but only a few studies have dealt with protein digestibility, and food protein products. The digestibility of protein in crude Ulva biomass is low compared to conventional protein sources but increase with protein extraction. Sensory and functionality studies on Ulva protein are yet absent, but the whole biomass has been investigated, indicating the potential. The lack of consisting studies calls for more investigations related to food quality of Ulva protein. Upscaling and biorefinery models need to be explored to unfold the true potential of Ulva as a source of food protein.

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Forskning Mon, 01 Jul 2024 16:05:49 +0200 91c7b008-2020-4f4b-878b-857ca16ac4b3
<![CDATA[Distribution of oxygen in marine sediments measured with microelectrodes]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=36cfc3ee-42d4-4625-9465-158fa925284d&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=f74ccca6bd022340c49df0a139bfe701 Revsbech, N. P., Sorensen, J., Blackburn, T. H., Lomholt, J. P. This article is in Free Access Publication and may be downloaded using the “Download Full Text PDF” link at right.

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Forskning Thu, 01 May 1980 16:05:49 +0200 36cfc3ee-42d4-4625-9465-158fa925284d
<![CDATA[Ecological Civilisation and Amphibian Sustainability through Reproduction Biotechnologies, Biobanking, and Conservation Breeding Programs (RBCs)]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=5b7c404b-ab04-4e68-bbbd-2391c34091f5&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=bc6b5bdaf85df6b9328b792950ae7042 Browne, R. K., Luo, Q., Wang, P., et al. Intergenerational justice entitles the maximum retention of Earth’s biodiversity. The 2022 United Nations COP 15, “Ecological Civilisation: Building a Shared Future for All Life on Earth”, is committed to protecting 30% of Earth’s terrestrial environments and, through COP 28, to mitigate the effects of the climate catastrophe on the biosphere. We focused this review on three core themes: the need and potential of reproduction biotechnologies, biobanks, and conservation breeding programs (RBCs) to satisfy sustainability goals; the technical state and current application of RBCs; and how to achieve the future potentials of RBCs in a rapidly evolving environmental and cultural landscape. RBCs include the hormonal stimulation of reproduction, the collection and storage of sperm and oocytes, and artificial fertilisation. Emerging technologies promise the perpetuation of species solely from biobanked biomaterials stored for perpetuity. Despite significant global declines and extinctions of amphibians, and predictions of a disastrous future for most biodiversity, practical support for amphibian RBCs remains limited mainly to a few limited projects in wealthy Western countries. We discuss the potential of amphibian RBCs to perpetuate amphibian diversity and prevent extinctions within multipolar geopolitical, cultural, and economic frameworks. We argue that a democratic, globally inclusive organisation is needed to focus RBCs on regions with the highest amphibian diversity. Prioritisation should include regional and international collaborations, community engagement, and support for RBC facilities ranging from zoos and other institutions to those of private carers. We tabulate a standard terminology for field programs associated with RBCs for publication and media consistency.

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Forskning Wed, 01 May 2024 16:05:49 +0200 5b7c404b-ab04-4e68-bbbd-2391c34091f5
<![CDATA[Svar på Spørgsmål til AU-ANIVET i forbindelse med KU-IFRO’ vurderinger af omkostningerne til metanreducerende fodringstiltag]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=4238052a-3f7d-473c-91ca-8a7e156f908b&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=ea6f67d9815531ad86038b3fd52803b7 Weisbjerg, M. R., Børsting, C. F., Lund, P. Rådgivning Fri, 31 May 2024 16:05:49 +0200 4238052a-3f7d-473c-91ca-8a7e156f908b <![CDATA[Hemizygous minipigs produced by random gene insertion and handmade cloning express the Alzheimer's disease-causing dominant mutation APPsw]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=a0c07228-3cf7-4578-b1ea-0336eb894665&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=365e4b04ae1f0dcb8e96216f2ddb55ee Kragh, P. M., Nielsen, A. L., Li, J., et al. In an effort to develop a porcine model of Alzheimer's disease we used handmade cloning to produce seven transgenic Göttingen minipigs. The donor fibroblasts had been stably transfected with a plasmid cassette containing, as transgene, the cDNA of the neuronal variant of the human amyloid precursor protein gene with the Swedish mutation preceded by beta-globin sequences to induce splicing and a human PDGF beta promoter fragment to drive transcription. Transgene insertion had occurred only at the GLIS3 locus where a single complete copy of the transgene was identified in intronic sequences in opposite direction. Similar and robust levels of the transgene transcript were detected in skin biopsies from all piglets and the sequence of full-length transcript was verified. Consistent with PDGF beta promoter function, high levels of transgene expression, including high level of the corresponding protein, was observed in brain tissue and not in heart or liver tissues. A rough estimate predicts that accumulation of the A beta peptide in the brain may develop at the age of 1-2 years.

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Forskning Sat, 01 Aug 2009 16:05:49 +0200 a0c07228-3cf7-4578-b1ea-0336eb894665
<![CDATA[Salmonella overlever længe i sand]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=126f5adc-61c6-4e03-8de7-e86fc9114050&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=edebe69fcae76685fe1c603a7c8b9174 Thomsen, P. T. Formidling Wed, 01 May 2024 16:05:49 +0200 126f5adc-61c6-4e03-8de7-e86fc9114050 <![CDATA[Key determinants of adaptive strategies of goats to a 2-day nutritional challenge during early lactation]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=865becf5-aee6-443d-bfa4-b94a8b0bc365&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=ff9eabd2bc74fbf1f73acbba3ae6feaf Gindri, M., Friggens, N. C., Dhumez, O., et al. Little is known about the key determinants of the physiological adaptations to environmental challenges and how these determinants interact. We evaluated how the response/recovery profiles to a short-term nutritional challenge during early lactation are affected by early-life nutritional strategies in dairy goats divergently selected for functional longevity. We used 72 females, split into two cohorts, daughters of Alpine bucks divergently selected for functional longevity. The females from the two lines were fed with two divergent diets, normal vs low-energy, from weaning until the middle of first gestation, and then fed with the same standard diet. Individual BW, body condition score, morphology, and plasma samples were collected from birth to first kidding. The adaptative physiological strategy to a nutritional challenge was assessed via a 2-day feed restriction challenge, during early lactation, which consisted of a five-day control period on a standard lactation diet followed by a 2-day challenge with straw-only feeding and then a 10-day recovery period on a standard lactation diet. During the challenge, DM intake, BW, milk yield (MY), and plasma and milk metabolite composition were recorded daily. Linear mixed-effects models were used to analyze all traits, considering the individual nested in the cohort as a random effect and the 2 × 2 treatments (i.e., line and rearing diet) and litter size as fixed effects. Linear mixed-effects models using a piecewise arrangement were used to analyze the response/recovery profiles to nutritional challenge. Random parameters estimated for each individual, using the mixed-effects models without the fixed effects of rearing diet and genetic line, were used in a stepwise model selection based on R2 to identify key determinants of an individual's physiological adaptations to environmental challenges. Differences in stature and body reserves created by the two rearing diets diminished during late gestation and the 5-day control period. Genetic line did not affect body reserves during the rearing phase. Rearing diet and genetic line slightly affected the recovery profiles of evaluated traits and had no effects on prechallenge and response to challenge profiles. The prekidding energy status measures and MY before challenge were selected as strong predictors of variability in response-recovery profiles of milk metabolites that have strong links with body energy dynamics (i.e., isoCitrate, ß-hydroxybutyrate, choline, cholesterol, and triacylglycerols; R2 = 35%). Our results suggested that prekidding energy status and MY are key determinants of adult resilience and that rearing diet and genetic line may affect adult resilience insofar as they affect the animals’ energy status.

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Forskning Sat, 01 Jun 2024 16:05:49 +0200 865becf5-aee6-443d-bfa4-b94a8b0bc365
<![CDATA[Dark brooder pullets are less active than Non-brooder pullets, but show similar level of synchronisation at the resource areas]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=6893123a-7a4f-4cba-a2cd-87b9a2422eeb&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=25e1cfad0e7853834fba18682ec423df Martin-Cicera, A., Lyrakis, M., Riber, A. B., et al. Maternal care in commercial chickens can partially be replaced with dark brooders that offer heat and a dark area to rest and possibly avoid negative social interactions. Previous research has established the positive effects of dark brooders on reducing disturbance during resting in young pullets and injurious pecking in pullets and laying hens, which could reduce overall activity levels. The objective of this study was to employ precision livestock farming techniques to compare the overall activity levels and behavioural synchrony at resources in pullets reared with dark brooders until 41 days of age and those reared with whole house heating. Four brooder treatments, varying in size (Small/Large) and deployment method (Raised/Fixed), which could have implications for commercial use, were employed. Activity of the whole pen floor area and behavioural synchrony in drinker and feeder areas were automatically assessed over a 12-hour photoperiod at 10 and 60 days of age. Pixel change detection gauged overall activity across the pen, while an object detection model evaluated pullet behavioural synchrony. The analysis revealed increased activity levels in non-Brooder pullets compared to those in most Brooder treatments at both 10 and 60 days of age. However, no significant differences in behavioural synchrony were observed between Brooder and non-Brooder pullets. The underlying mechanism of dark brooder's effects on the activity levels and behaviour synchrony remains unclear, but the observed reduction in activity levels in brooded pullets likely corresponds to increased resting behaviour and reduced injurious pecking. Furthermore, it is noteworthy that only a small percentage of pullets (up to 57.14%) were observed to use the resources simultaneously. This underscores the importance of conducting additional research to delve into the effects of resource allocation on both behavioural synchrony and activity levels in pullets. We observed minimal differences in the behaviour of pullets raised under different brooder types, suggesting that the simplest (Small-Fixed) brooders may be suitable for commercial use.

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Forskning Sat, 01 Jun 2024 16:05:49 +0200 6893123a-7a4f-4cba-a2cd-87b9a2422eeb
<![CDATA[A scoping review of the use of bioacoustics to assess various components of farm animal welfare]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=4ad67cda-02af-4746-b5fd-92f5071a999a&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=22e85c20f47736fb5ca30835ec57f9ae Coutant, M. P., Villain, A. S. ., Briefer, E. F. Forskning Sat, 01 Jun 2024 16:05:49 +0200 4ad67cda-02af-4746-b5fd-92f5071a999a <![CDATA[Bioacoustic sensors to monitor farm animal welfare: why the ethology matters]]> https://anivet.au.dk/aktuelt/publikationer?tx_pure_pure5%5Baction%5D=single&tx_pure_pure5%5Bcontroller%5D=Publications&tx_pure_pure5%5Bid%5D=a446ed7f-7a5a-48c7-8b5d-67c0d0ca6129&tx_pure_pure5%5BshowType%5D=pub&cHash=e5c804b96c1da1587de66da3cee6aae6 Coutant, M. P. Forskning Wed, 15 May 2024 16:05:49 +0200 a446ed7f-7a5a-48c7-8b5d-67c0d0ca6129